The High-Level Panel on Threats, Challenges and Change chaired by Anand Panyarachun releases A More Secure World: Our Shared Responsibility, A/59/565. The report referred to the institution of the veto as having an “anachronistic character” and recommended that any proposal for Council reform refrain from expanding the veto power. The High-Level Panel called for the permanent members, “in their individual capacities, to pledge themselves to refrain from the use of the veto in cases of genocide and large-scale human rights abuses.” In addition to a proposed Peacebuilding Commission, changes to the Human Rights Commission and other recommendations, the panel proposes two formulas for reform of the UNSC, namely Model A or B.
- Model A calls for creating six new permanent members, plus three new non-permanent members for a total of 24 seats in the council.
- Model B calls for creating eight new seats in a new class of members, who would serve for four years, subject to renewal, plus one non-permanent seat, also for a total of 24.
- Under both models, Africa, Asia and Pacific, Europe, and the Americas each have 6 seats in UNSC.